Cancer of the testicle is the most common
cancer in men in the 20- to 35-year age group. Those particularly at risk are young white
males who have a history of an undescended testicle. ( An undescended testis is one that
has failed to complete its normal passage from within the abdomen to the scrotum. Not all
testes that are absent from the scrotum are undescended) If detected early, testicular
cancer is one of the most easily curable of all cancers. Self- examination should be
performed monthly or more often. Feel for any enlargement or irregularity of your
testicles. Perform the examination after a bath or shower when the scrotal skin is
How to examine your testicles
||Examine each testicle separately, holding it in both hands
and gently feeling all areas by rolling it between your fingers and thumb. The entire
surface of both testes should be felt. The skin over the testes moves freely, making
palpation easy. Spend about 30 seconds to 1 minute per testicle.
What to Feel For
||Cancers are usually firm to the touch and not tender or
painful when pressed.
A cancerous tumor usually
begins as a small, painless, hard, pea-like bump like a pebble embedded in the surface of
the testicle. A soft, painless swelling is more likely to be a harmless cyst. Painful
swellings may be due to infection of the testicle or epididymis. Don't take any chances.
See your doctor immediately if you detect any changes in your testicles.
(Reference: Fighting Cancer - AMA Home
Medical Library by Readers Digest)
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