Insomnia - Causes
Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drugs
A significant number of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs can disturb sleep either by causing stimulant or withdrawal effects. Drugs can also impair the quality of your sleep by suppressing deep sleep or dream sleep.
Here are some common prescription and OTC medications that can disturb sleep.
See the complete list - Drugs Associated With A Higher Incidence Of Sleeplessness
If you are taking prescription drugs, ask your doctor or your pharmacist if the drugs may be disturbing your sleep and whether modifying the medication dose or even switching to another related medication that won't adversely affect your sleep is possible. In some cases, simply taking the medication earlier may eliminate sleep problems. If you are taking an OTC, read the medication label carefully. Ask your pharmacist if you are uncertain if it contains sleep- disrupting ingredients.
Illicit drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines have powerful stimulant effects that can make it harder to fall asleep. These drugs also compromise sleep quality by reducing deep sleep and dream sleep. Because these drugs are highly addictive, they can also cause withdrawal effects that affect sleep.
Marijuana can have variable effects on sleep. For some, marijuana can have relaxing, sedating properties; for others, it can act as a stimulant and make it harder to fall asleep. Long-term marijuana use can impair sleep by REM sleep.
Misuse or overuse of sleeping Pills
If used every night, sleeping pills stop being effective after a few weeks. Don't cut off their use abruptly, though. When their use is stopped suddenly, sleep can be temporarily worsened. Cut back on the use of sleeping pills gradually under the supervision of your healthcare provider.
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