If meal planning, better eating habits, weight loss and regular exercise do not keep blood sugar in your target range, then medication to lower blood glucose is generally prescribed. These medications are called oral hypoglycemic agents, oral hypoglycemics or oral agents. The use of these medications is called oral therapy.
These drugs are more potent than the first generation drugs. So, they need only smaller doses.
For a complete list of diabetic drugs, please see:
A List Of Oral Diabetes Medicines
Oral hypoglycemics are found to work best on people who develop diabetes after age 40, whose disease is newly discovered and who take less than 40 units of insulin a day. They aren't recommended for pregnant women, because the effect on the fetus is not known.
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