Proper diet that is low in fat and simple sugars and high in fiber and complex carbohydrates can help balance the blood sugar and control weight. Avoid processed sugars, including those in cookies, candies, cakes, ice cream, sodas, honey, chocolate, and desserts. Avoid dried fruit. Choose the diet such that the approximate calories from the various components of the food is as follows:
Eat apples and other fruits high in pectin. Take a midmorning and afternoon snack of fruit such as apple to keep blood sugar stable.
Eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet including plenty of raw fruits and vegetables as well as fresh vegetable juices. This reduces the need for insulin and also lowers the level of fats in the blood. Fiber helps to reduce blood sugar surges.
Eat 3 meals a day at regular times. Exercise helps. Exercise and proper diet may help prevent the diabetes.
Supplement your diet with spirulina. Spirulina helps to stabilize blood sugar levels. Other foods that help normalize blood sugar include berries, brewer's yeast, dairy products (especially cheese), egg yolks, fish, garlic, kelp, sauerkraut, soybeans, and vegetables.
Get your protein from vegetable sources, such as grains and legumes. Fish and low-fat dairy products are also acceptable sources of protein.
Avoid saturated fats and simple sugars (except when necessary to balance an insulin reaction).
Eat more carbohydrates or reduce your insulin dosage before exercise. Exercise produces an insulin-like effect in the body.
Don't smoke and drink only in moderation. This will minimize the effects of poor circulation that tend to affect legs the most as they are far from the heart. Wear good fitting shoes.
Do not take extremely large doses of vitamins B1 (thiamine) and C. Excessive amounts may inactivate insulin. These vitamins may, however, be taken in normal amounts.
If symptoms of hyperglycemia develop, go to the emergency room of the nearest hospital. This is a potentially dangerous situation. Intravenous administration of proper fluids, electrolytes, and insulin may be required.
Avoid taking large amounts of vitamin B3 (niacin). However, small amounts (50 to 100 milligrams daily), taken by mouth, may be beneficial.
It is very important to control stress. Avoid fatigue, and emotional upsets. Stresses create anxiety that send damaging hormones racing through your system. Exercise can be used to control stress. Exercise is one of the most effective ways to prevent diabetes and controlling blood sugar levels. Exercise has been found to decrease blood glucose levels while assisting the cells to absorb glucose in response to insulin.
A woman with diabetes who wants to become pregnant should watch her blood sugar levels long before she plans to conceive. The fetus has the greatest chance of developing birth defects during the first five to eight weeks of pregnancy, before most women know they are pregnant. It usually takes a few months to get the blood sugar under proper control; if a woman begins to monitor her blood sugar level the day she conceives, damage may already be done by the time it is under control.
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