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 Bioterrorism  Holistic-online.com

Chemical agents that may be used in Bioterrorism

Chemical agents that might be used by terrorists range from warfare agents to toxic chemicals commonly used in industry. Criteria for determining priority chemical agents include:
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chemical agents already known to be used as weaponry;

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availability of chemical agents to potential terrorists;

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chemical agents likely to cause major morbidity or mortality;

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potential of agents for causing public panic and social disruption; and

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agents that require special preparedness.

Categories of chemical agents include
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nerve agents,
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tabun (ethyl N,N-dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate),

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sarin (isopropyl methylphosphanofluoridate),

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soman (pinacolyl methyl phosphonofluoridate),

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GF (cyclohexylmethylphosphonofluoridate),

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VX (o-ethyl-[S]-[2-diisopropylaminoethyl]-methylphosphonothiolate);

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blood agents,
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hydrogen cyanide,

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cyanogen chloride;

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blister agents,
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lewisite (an aliphatic arsenic compound, 2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine),

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nitrogen and sulfur mustards,

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phosgene oxime;

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heavy metals,
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arsenic,

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lead,

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mercury;

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Volatile toxins,
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benzene,

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chloroform,

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trihalomethanes;

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pulmonary agents,
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phosgene,

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chlorine,

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vinyl chloride;

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incapacitating agents,
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BZ (3-quinuclidinyl benzilate);

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pesticides, persistent and nonpersistent;

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dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs);

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explosive nitro compounds and oxidizers,
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ammonium nitrate combined with fuel oil;

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flammable industrial gases and liquids,
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gasoline,

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propane;

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poison industrial gases, liquids, and solids,
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cyanides,

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nitriles; and

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corrosive industrial acids and bases,
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nitric acid,

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sulfuric acid.

Source: "Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response: Recommendations of the CDC Strategic Planning Workgroup," April 21, 2000 / 49(RR04);1-14, Centers for Disease Control, USA.

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