Name: Swertia chirata,
Names: Chirayata, Kirata-tikta, Kiryat-charayatah
Charayatah, Chiretta, Chiraita, Indian Gentian, Jwaran- thakah, Kirata,
kiraita, Kiriath, Kiriyattu, Kiryat-charayatah, Mahatita, Nila-vemu,
This herb is indigenous to temperate Himalayas at altitudes above 4000 feet from Kashmir,
Nepal and Bhutan. It is sometimes found in other parts or India.
Tinnevelly 'nilavembu' is the best form of the herb.
Used: Leaves and whole plant
This herb contains two
Ophelic acid, an amorphous bitter
chiratin a yellow bitter glucoside
Other constituents are:
carbonates and phosphates of potash
lime and magnesia
ash 4 to 6 p.c.
It contain no tannin.
Bitter tonic, stomachic, febrifuge and anthelmintic,
alterative, antidiarrhoeic and antiperiodic.
Action & Uses in Ayurveda and
Tikta-rasam, metha veeryam, lagu, ruksham. In sannipatham, swasam, kasam, raktadosham, trishna sodham, kushtam, jwaram, krimi
Action & Uses in Unani
Tonic to heart, liver and eyes, resolvent, drying, astringent, liquifying, balgham, cough, scanty urine, melancholia, dropsy, sciatia, skin
According to G. K. Nair and M. Mohanan,
authors of "Medicinal Plants of India," this herb is an excellent drug for:
burning of the body
regulating the bowels
An infusion of the herb made in hot water with
aromatics like cloves, cinnamon etc. is given in doses of half to one fluid
ounce. Ayurvedic practitioners often prescribe this infusion in doses of two ounces twice a
day before meals as a tonic to check hiccup and vomiting.
An infusion of the herb is generally
employed. It is also given as tincture.
Its decoction is not
The root is taken in doses of 5 to 30 grains with honey.
This herb is used as part of many compound
This herb may result in high "vayu". Use with extreme caution. Do not take except under the supervision of a qualified professional.
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